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Sunday, October 2, 2011

Kamojang

Kamojang, popularly known as Kawah Kamojang or (the Kamojang crater), is a geothermal field and tourist spot in West Java, Indonesia. The crater can be reached from the town of Garut, in Garut Regency (the distance by road from Garut to the northwest through the township of Samarang is around 25 km).
The volcano is that the crater is located on is named Mount Guntur but the crater is listed as an active volcano of Indonesia because of its geothermal activities.
There is a long history of interest in the possibility of developing the geothermal potential of the Komojang region. The first geothermal wells in Indonesia were drilled at Kamojang in 1926 by the Dutch colonial government. The current geothermal field is on the slopes of Mt Guntur, about 7 km to the west of the peak of the mountain. There are three geothermal generating units with a total installed capacity of 140 MW.
Komojang is the site of the first modern geothermal site in Indonesia, commissioned by former president Soeharto in January 1983. The three current units are owned and operated by PT Indonesia Power, a subsidiary of the Indonesian state-owned electricity generating corporation, Perusahaan Listrik Negara (PLN). The concession to the field is held by PT Pertamina Geothermal Energy, a subsidiary of another of Indonesia's major state-owned companies, PT Pertamina.
Indonesia volcanic belt is an area that stores of geothermal energy very abundantly. The contribution of geothermal electric energy from this region to the national need reach 93% or equal with 1073 MW, of which originated from geothermal power plant (PLTP) Kamojang. Shot of steam that comes from wells or Kamojang craters at the border and Bandung, Garut regency, West Java, is proof of how rich this country’s natural resources.
Geothermal volcanic hills in the area, or about 1500 meters from sea level it has potential as an alternative energy power plants amounted to 16 035 MW. Not surprisingly, the area became the forerunner to the establishment Kamojang geothermal power plant (PLTP) in Indonesia in October 1982. Over time, also formed the Generation Business Unit (UBP) Kamojang.


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